Mail: Connect TLS encrypted to a smtp server by telnet


the SMTP protocol is ASCII based. In the past, the SMTP protocol goes unencrypted over the wire means you can simply send email by connecting to the SMTP port 25 and enter some SMTP commands via telnet:

michael@debdev ~ # telnet 25
Subject: Testmessage
This is a test message. End with <ENTER><ENTER> and point


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Debian: Shutdown when pressing power button


when you install Debian with just the Standard minium System utilities a power off by pressing the power button is not possible.

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Linux: HEX edit and diff in a shell


let us assume you want to edit a binary file /tmp/binfile and you want to replace all strings matches to “sda” by “hda”.

gnu sed can edit bin files by the \xnn hex notation. The option –in-place changes the original file and makes a backup copy with a file extension .org

michael@devdeb ~#  sed -e 's/\x73\x64\x61/\x68\x64\x61/g' /tmp/binfile

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Linux: Determine driver for a device


let us assume you want to determine which driver is behind a device. For example disk /dev/sdc

By udev. Query the device /dev/sdc by udevadm. Scroll down to the section for the pci device

root@devdeb ~# udevadm info -a -n /dev/sdc
  looking at parent device '/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.0':

or (the native way) by sysfs

root@devdeb ~# cd /sys/block/sdc
root@devdeb ~# cd -P /sys/block/sdc/device

Go to the pci device

root@devdeb ~# cd /sys/devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:10.0
root@devdeb ~#  ls -l driver
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 0 Dec 22 09:14 driver -> ../../../bus/pci/drivers/mptspi


Debian: git error gnutls_handshake() failed: Public key signature verification has failed.


I’m on debian testing and cloning from a git repository fails with error: “gnutls_handshake() failed: Public key signature verification has failed” occured.
git is linked against the libcurl3-gnutls library. Newer versions have a bug when using git over a https proxy.
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