Tag Archives: powershell

Windows: Disable automatic Window arranging and resizing while dragging with the mouse (AeroSnap)

Sometimes the Windows 7 functionality to automatically arrange or resize a window while dragging is a pain. This feature is called Aero Snap. Here are good news, you can disable the behaviour :-).

Open the Control Panel, go to “Ease of Access center”. If you are there, click “Make the mouse easier to use” and enable “Prevent Windows from being automatically arranged when moved to the edge of the screen”.

Mouse Settings

Continue reading Windows: Disable automatic Window arranging and resizing while dragging with the mouse (AeroSnap)

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OpenVPN: Generate a random MAC Address for TAP Interfaces on Windows

Hi,

if you use some image based technology to deploy your Windows installation, for example SCCM, MDT, Acronis and/or sysprep based, and OpenVPM is already included, the MAC Address of the TAP LAN interface isn’t changed by that way. But a unique MAC Address is requiered if the clients conntects to the same OpenVPN server. If multiple clients have the same MAC Address ping from VPN Clients sometimes fails with error “TTL expired in transit” and the VPN connection is unstable.

This powershellscript sets a MAC Address for each OpenVPN TAP adapter. In detail:

  • Creating a Eventlog TAPsetMAC
  • Get all instances for TAP Adapters by reading HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E972-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}\MatchingDeviceID == “tap0901”
  • Generate a random MAC Address. Starting with Prefix defined in $sMACPrefix.
  • Writing the MAC to each Adapter
  • Log the result to the EventLog
########################################################
# Generate a random MAC for all OpenVPN tap LAN interfaces
#  Michael Albert
#  05.04.2013
# License: GPLv2
########################################################
# HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E972-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}
# MatchingDeviceID tap0901
# REG_SZ MAC=00-FF-8F-E3-A1-AE
$oRandom=New-Object System.random
function fGetRandomMAC([string]$sMACStart){
     if($sMACStart.length -ge 0 -and $sMACStart.length -le 11){
          for($iLoop=$sMACStart.length; $iLoop -le 11; $iLoop++){
               $iChar=$oRandom.Next(16)
               $sMACStart+=[String]::Format("{0:x}", $iChar).ToUpper()
          }
          return($sMACStart)
     }
     else{
          return $false
     }
}
function fConvert2MAC16([string]$sMAC12){
     [string]$sMAC16=""
     if($sMAC12.length -eq 12){
          for($iLoop=0;$iLoop -le 11;$iLoop++){
               $sMAC16+=$sMAC12.SubString($iLoop,1)
               if((($iLoop+1) % 2) -eq 0 -and ($iLoop+1) -lt 12){
                    $sMAC16+="-"
               }
          }
          return $sMAC16
     }
     else{
          return $false
     }
}
###############################################################################
# Currently not used but defined :-)
function fValidMAC([system.string]$sMAC){
          $RegExIP=new-object System.Text.RegularExpressions.Regex("^([0-9a-fA-F]{2}\-){5}([0-9a-fA-F]{2})$")
          return($RegExIP.IsMatch($sMAC))
}
###############################################################################
## MAIN
###############################################################################
$sMACPrefix="00FF8F"
if(! [System.Diagnostics.EventLog]::SourceExists("TAPsetMAC")){
     New-EventLog -Source TAPsetMAC -Log Application
}
$aTAPAdapter=Get-ChildItem "registry::HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E972-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}" -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue |where-object{$_.GetValue("MatchingDeviceID") -eq "tap0901"}
foreach($rTAPAdapter in $aTAPAdapter){
     # Get-ItemProperty -Path "registry::HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Class\{4D36E972-E325-11CE-BFC1-08002BE10318}"
     if(! ($rTAPAdapter.GetValue("MAC"))){
          #$rTAPAdapter
          #$rTAPAdapter.Name
          # Get-ItemProperty -Path ("registry::"+$rTAPAdapter.Name)
          $sMAC=fGetRandomMAC $sMACPrefix
          if($sMAC16=fConvert2MAC16 $sMAC){
               Write-Host -NoNewline  "Set MAC of TAP Adaper to" $sMAC16 "..."
               $Error.Clear()
               New-ItemProperty -Path ("registry::"+$rTAPAdapter.Name) -Force -Name MAC -PropertyType String -Value $sMAC16|Out-Null
               if(! $Error){
                    Write-Host "ok"
                    Write-EventLog -LogName Application -Source TAPsetMAC -EntryType Information -EventID 666 -Message ("TAP LAN Adapter: Altered MAC Address to "+$sMAC16)
               }
               else{
                    Write-EventLog -LogName Application -Source TAPsetMAC -EntryType Warning -EventID 666 -Message ("TAP LAN Adapter: Failed to altered MAC Address to "+$sMAC16)
               }
          }
     }
}

Michael

Powershell: Some basic XML handling with Powershell and .NET

Hi everybody,

here are some fundamentals to handle XML Files with powershell.

The following commands uses these XML File


<config description="Config file for testing">
    <system description="Document Management">
        <document authorFirstName="Kirk" authorSurname="Author1" date="20130503 01:15:43" description="Document Hammet" index="3">C:\temp\doc0001.txt</document>
        <document authorFirstName="Lars" authorSurname="Author5" date="20130503 10:05:42" description="Document Ulrich" index="4">C:\temp\doc0002.txt</document>
        <document authorFirstName="Cliff" authorSurname="Author5" date="20130612 11:54:33" description="Document Burton"  index="6">C:\temp\doc0051.txt</document>
        <document authorFirstName="Jason" authorSurname="Author2" date="20130806 04:02:41" description="Document Newsted"  index="1">C:\temp\doc0041.txt</document>
        <document authorFirstName="Robert" authorSurname="Smith" date="20131202 07:12:03" description="Document Trujillo"  index="2">C:\temp\doc0012.txt</document>
        <document authorFirstName="James" authorSurname="Smith" date="20130211 09:05:59" description="Document Hetfield"  index="5">C:\temp\doc0003.txt</document>
    </system>
</config>

Creating  a XML File, create a document root, create subelements, add and set attributes, save the file

# Create a new XML File with config root node
[System.XML.XMLDocument]$oXMLDocument=New-Object System.XML.XMLDocument
# New Node
[System.XML.XMLElement]$oXMLRoot=$oXMLDocument.CreateElement("config")
# Append as child to an existing node
$oXMLDocument.appendChild($oXMLRoot)
# Add a Attribute
$oXMLRoot.SetAttribute("description","Config file for testing")
[System.XML.XMLElement]$oXMLSystem=$oXMLRoot.appendChild($oXMLDocument.CreateElement("system"))
$oXMLSystem.SetAttribute("description","Document Management")
# Save File
$oXMLDocument.Save("c:\temp\config.xml")

Loading an existing XML File, read an element, do some XPATH queries

Continue reading Powershell: Some basic XML handling with Powershell and .NET

Powershell: Control Excel remotely

Hi,

I often have to collect some data and fill out some excel lists with those. Here are a few examples how to control Excel using the COM object with powershell.


###############################################################################
# This script controls Excel remotely
# Author Michael Albert michlstechblog.info
# License: GPL v2
################################################################################
# File must exists
$sInputFile="D:\temp\exceldocument.xlsx"
# Get COM Object
$oExcel = New-Object -ComObject "Excel.Application"
# Set Excel visible
$oExcel.Visible = $true
# open excel file
$oExcelDoc = $oExcel.Workbooks.Open($sInputFile)
# Open 1st Worksheet
$oWorksheet = $oExcelDoc.Worksheets.item(1)
# Jump to worksheet (only GUI)
$oWorksheet.Activate()
# Get Rows and columns dimension
$iUsedRangeRow  = $oWorksheet.UsedRange.Rows.Count
$iUsedRangeColumns  = $oWorksheet.UsedRange.Columns.Count
# Auto adjust column with
$oWorksheet.UsedRange.EntireColumn.AutoFit()|out-null
# Read a cell A1 A=1 1=1, Row and columns startet by 1
write-host "Cell A1" $oWorksheet.Cells.Item(1,1).Text
# Write text
$oWorksheet.Cells.Item(2,1).value2="New Text"
# Activate cell (only GUI)
$oWorksheet.Cells.Item(1,1).Activate()|out-null
# Set Backgroundcolor of a cell
$oWorksheet.Cells.Item(1,1).Interior.ColorIndex = 4
# With RBG, first load assembly
[reflection.assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("System.Drawing")
# With .NET defined color constants
$oWorksheet.Cells.Item(2,1).Interior.Color=[System.Drawing.Color]::White.ToARgb()
# With  RBG Color
$oWorksheet.Cells.Item(2,1).Interior.Color=([System.Drawing.Color]::FromArgb(254,7,7)).ToArgb()
# Set Font Color
$oWorksheet.Cells.Item(2,1).Font.ColorIndex = 1
# Font Size
$oWorksheet.Cells.Item(2,1).Font.Size=12
# Rotate
$oWorksheet.Cells.Item(2,1).Orientation=45
# Bold
$oWorksheet.Cells.Item(2,1).Font.Bold = $true
# Strike through
$oWorksheet.Cells.Item(2,1).Font.Strikethrough=$true
# Write a comment to a cell
$oWorksheet.Cells.Item(2,1).AddComment("This is a comment")|Out-Null

# Format Cell Range
$oWorksheet.Range("A1:B3").Numberformat="00,0"
$oWorksheet.Cells.Item(2,1).NumberFormat="@"
$oWorksheet.Cells.Item(2,1).NumberFormatLocal="@"

# New Worksheet and get object
$oNewWorksheet=$oExcelDoc.Worksheets.add()
# Rename new Worksheet
$oNewWorksheet.Name="My new worksheet"

# Close Document and save
$oExcelDoc.Close($true)
Start-Sleep 1
# Cleanup COM
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::ReleaseComObject($oWorksheet)|out-null
$oWorksheet=$null
Start-Sleep 1
# Cleanup COM
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::ReleaseComObject($oExcelDoc)|out-null
$oExcelDoc=$null
# Close Excel
$oExcel.Quit()
Start-Sleep 1
# Cleanup COM
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::ReleaseComObject($oExcel)|out-null
$oExcel=$null
[GC]::Collect()
[GC]::WaitForPendingFinalizers()

To be continued 🙂

Michael