the scenario: A device with a serial console for example a raspberry pi, orange pi, esp8266 with tasmota, digital multimeter etc. runs headless, but you want to able to connect to the serial console with linux system here called serialServer over the network.
Continue reading Linux: Serial interface/terminal redirecting/forwarding over a TLS encrypted TCP/IP connection →
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you have properly configured putty to use X11 forwarding but it fails?
Continue reading Linux: X11 forwarding not working with putty →
when you use X11 forwarding with PuTTY or ssh -X a TCP Socket is opened to which each user can connect. The connection to the X11 itself is protected by an authentification cookie.
Means when you add this cookie to the session launched by su you could use X11 forwarding.
An example. Connect to a linux machine as user michael (by putty or from another linux machine)
michael@debdev ~ # ssh -X michael@debdev1
In the session of debdev1 list all xauth cookies.
michael@debdev1 ~ # xauth list
debdev1/unix:10 MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1 7ea68cc88e74c1697aa6c757504fc0d7
Note: these cookies are stored the users home directory in file .Xauthority => ~/.Xauthority
Then switch to another user on this machine
michael@debdev1 ~ # sudo su helena
When you try to start a X11 client you got some errors like this
helena@debdev1 ~ # xterm
Can't connect to X11 window server using 'localhost:10.0' as the value of the DISPLAY variable.
Then verify you already have a ~/.Xauthority file
helena@debdev1 ~ # ls -l ~/.Xauthority
If not create a new file
helena@debdev1 ~ # touch ~/.Xauthority
and add the authentification cookie
helena@debdev1 ~ # xauth add debdev1/unix:10 MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1 7ea68cc88e74c1697aa6c757504fc0d7
Then you should be able to start X11 programs
a friend of mine had the problem that X11 forwarding does not work on his linux box. I obligate him to check:
Ensure a X11 server is running at your local client.
Continue reading Linux: ssh X11 forwarding does not work →