Powershell: Working with a SQLite Database

Hi,

SQLite Databases are widly used, even Windows uses for the organisation of its Appx Packages a SQLite database. This database is located in the file C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\AppRepository\StateRepository-Machine.srd.


SQLite provides a .NET assembly to open such a database file.

Download the latest release which also fits your .NET version. .NET4.5 is usually preinstalled and a good choice for all Windows 10 Versions. Extract the zip file.

PS D:\Temp > Invoke-WebRequest -Uri "http://system.data.sqlite.org/blobs/1.0.113.0/sqlite-netFx45-binary-x64-2012-1.0.113.0.zip" -OutFile D:\temp\sqlite.zip
PS D:\Temp > mkdir D:\Temp\sqlite.net 
PS D:\Temp > Expand-Archive D:\temp\sqlite.zip -DestinationPath D:\Temp\sqlite.net

Load library

PS D:\Temp> [Reflection.Assembly]::LoadFile("D:\Temp\sqlite.net\System.Data.SQLite.dll")

GAC    Version        Location
---    -------        --------
False  v4.0.30319     C:\tmp\sqlite.net\System.Data.SQLite.dll

Open a database. For example the Windows Appx state database (make a copy as administrator).

copy-item C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\AppRepository\StateRepository-Machine.srd D:\Temp\StateRepository-Machine.srd
$sDatabasePath="D:\Temp\StateRepository-Machine.srd"
$sDatabaseConnectionString=[string]::Format("data source={0}",$sDatabasePath)
$oSQLiteDBConnection = New-Object System.Data.SQLite.SQLiteConnection
$oSQLiteDBConnection.ConnectionString = $sDatabaseConnectionString
$oSQLiteDBConnection.open()

Simple SELECT

$oSQLiteDBCommand=$oSQLiteDBConnection.CreateCommand()
$oSQLiteDBCommand.Commandtext="SELECT * from PACKAGE"
$oSQLiteDBCommand.CommandType = [System.Data.CommandType]::Text
$oDBReader=$oSQLiteDBCommand.ExecuteReader()

Start reading, columns names can be queried by GetValues(), and all results can be enumerated by a while loop

$oDBReader.GetValues()
while($oDBReader.HasRows) 
{
    if($oDBReader.Read())
    {
        $oDBReader["PackageFullName"] 
    }
}
$oDBReader.Close()

Reading a trigger

$oSQLiteDBCommand.Commandtext="select * from sqlite_master where type = 'trigger' and name='TRG_BEFOREDELETE_Package_SRJournal'"
$oSQLiteDBCommand.CommandType = [System.Data.CommandType]::Text
$oDBReader=$oSQLiteDBCommand.ExecuteReader()
while($oDBReader.HasRows) 
{
    if($oDBReader.Read())
    {
        write-host "Trigger: " $oDBReader["name"] "SQL Statement:" $oDBReader["sql"]
    }
}
$oDBReader.Close()

Create and open your own database, CreateFile creates a zero length file and is initialized when writing to the database.

$sDatabasePath="D:\temp\MyDatabase.sqlite"
[System.Data.SQLite.SQLiteConnection]::CreateFile($sDatabasePath)
$sDatabaseConnectionString=[string]::Format("data source={0}",$sDatabasePath)
$oSQLiteDBConnection = New-Object System.Data.SQLite.SQLiteConnection
$oSQLiteDBConnection.ConnectionString = $sDatabaseConnectionString
$oSQLiteDBConnection.open()

Create a Table

$oSQLiteDBCommand=$oSQLiteDBConnection.CreateCommand()
$oSQLiteDBCommand.Commandtext="create table FavoriteMetalBands (name varchar(100), score int)"
$oSQLiteDBCommand.CommandType = [System.Data.CommandType]::Text
$oSQLiteDBCommand.ExecuteNonQuery()

Insert to the new Dataset

$oSQLiteDBCommand.Commandtext="INSERT INTO FavoriteMetalBands (name , score) VALUES (@BandName, @MyScore)";
$oSQLiteDBCommand.Parameters.AddWithValue("BandName", "Kataklysm");
$oSQLiteDBCommand.Parameters.AddWithValue("MyScore", 10);
$oSQLiteDBCommand.ExecuteNonQuery()

At the end, close the connection

$oSQLiteDBConnection.Close()

Michael

Advertisment to support michlstechblog.info

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Time limit is exhausted. Please reload CAPTCHA.